95 Reasons Why the Genesis Flood Was Global

A Comprehensive Study Guide on the Genesis Flood

There is little disagreement among scientists that the earth’s climate and geology have been drastically altered by water since the beginning of time, but they puzzle over how and when this occurred. Does the great worldwide Genesis Flood explain natural wonders like Grand Canyon? Or was it the result of gradual erosion over eons of time? Use this post as a resource guide to begin your study of the global Genesis Flood!

95 Reasons Why the Genesis Flood Was Global

The Genesis Flood

During the decade of the 1950s, Drs. Morris and Whitcomb met and began to collaborate on what would become the 1961 release of The Genesis Flood. That book, in the sovereign plan of God, became the catalyst that opened the gates to the pent-up flood of Christian professionals who, like God’s loyal “seven thousand” in the days of Elijah, had not yet bowed their knee to the Baal of evolutionary compromise. A revival among scientifically trained Christians had begun.

This post is a compilation of the work of my father and many of those trained research scientists, historians, and writers who have contributed to the growing wealth of knowledge surrounding the universal nature of the Genesis Flood.

Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And the Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

So the Lord said, “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.” But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. (Genesis 6:5-8 NKJV)

The Universality of the Deluge

ICR’s founder compiled a list of reasons why the Genesis Flood was universal (“The Universality of the Deluge”).* Here is a short commentary he penned as an introduction to this comprehensive study guide:

Central to the question of the historicity of the early chapters of Genesis is the question whether the Noahic Flood was global or only regional. A worldwide flood would have cataclysmically changed the entire surface of the globe, including any fossil-bearing sedimentary rocks that may have been formed prior to that time. Consequently, the earth’s present fossiliferous sediments must date largely from the time of their deposition in the waters of the great flood.

On the other hand, the modern evolutionary system of earth history denies any such global cataclysm and is based on the assumption of uniformitarianism. The sedimentary rocks and their fossil contents have been interpreted as evidence of a vast series of evolutionary ages extending over billions of years of time, deposited slowly and generally uniformly over the earth as living organisms gradually evolved into higher and higher forms during those ages.

The “day-age theory” is the attempt by Bible expositors to accommodate these evolutionary ages within the framework of the six days of creation. The “gap theory” is the attempt by other expositors to accommodate them outside the framework of the six days of creation. Both such theories, if consistent, are associated with the “local flood theory,” since a universal flood would have destroyed the sedimentary framework of the geological ages. That is, a universal flood precludes the historicity of the geological ages, and vice versa.

If the Genesis flood actually was worldwide, then the strained exegesis associated with the day-age and gap theories becomes unnecessary and harmful. In the tabulation below, therefore, are listed [ninety-five] reasons why the flood should be accepted as a true global cataclysm.

Here Are 95 Reasons Why the Genesis Flood Was Global

From References in Genesis

Genesis Reference               Argument

  1.   Genesis 1:7                Water above the atmosphere must have been global in extent
  2.   Genesis 2:5                No rain on the earth must have been worldwide condition
  3.   Genesis 2:6                Earth mist watered the whole face of the ground
  4.   Genesis 2:10-14        Edenic geography no longer in existence
  5.   Genesis 4:22             High civilization at dawn of history not continuous with present world
  6.   Genesis 5:5, etc.       Longevity of antediluvian patriarchs indicates distinctive biosphere
  7.   Genesis 6:1                Man had multiplied on the face of the earth
  8.   Genesis 6:2               Demonic-human unions co-extensive with mankind
  9.   Genesis 6:5               Universal evil inexplicable in post-diluvian society
  10.   Genesis 6:6-7             Repentance of God extended to the whole animal creation
  11.   Genesis 6:11               Earth was filled with violence and corruption before God
  12.   Genesis 6:12              All flesh was corrupted (possibly including animals)
  13.   Genesis 6:13             God decided to destroy both man and the earth
  14.   Genesis 6:15             Ark too large for regional fauna
  15.   Genesis 6:17             Everything with the breath of life to die
  16.   Genesis 6:19             Purpose of ark was to keep two of every sort alive
  17.   Genesis 6:20            Animals of all kinds migrated to the ark
  18.   Genesis 6:21             All kinds of edible food taken on the ark
  19.   Genesis 7:4               Every living substance on the ground to be destroyed
  20.   Genesis 7:10             “The flood” (Hebrew mabbul) applies solely to Noah’s flood
  21.   Genesis 7:11             All the fountains of the great deep cleaved open in one day
  22.   Genesis 7:11             The “sluiceways from the floodgates” of heaven were opened
  23.   Genesis 7:12             Rain poured continuously for forty days and forty nights
  24.   Genesis 7:18             The waters prevailed and increased greatly
  25.   Genesis 7:19             High hills under the whole heaven were covered
  26.   Genesis 7:20             Waters fifteen cubits above highest mountains
  27.   Genesis 7:21             Every man died on the earth
  28.   Genesis 7:22             All flesh with the breath of life in the dry land died
  29.   Genesis 7:23             Every living substance destroyed off the face of the ground
  30.   Genesis 7:24             Waters at maximum height for five months
  31.   Genesis 8:2               Windows of heaven open for five months
  32.   Genesis 8:4               Ark floated over 17,000-ft. mountains for five months
  33.   Genesis 8:5               Water receded 2-1/2 months before mountains tops seen
  34.   Genesis 8:9               Dove found no suitable ground even after four months of recession
  35.   Genesis 8:11             Plants began budding after nine months of the flood
  36.   Genesis 8:14             Occupants were in the ark over a year
  37.   Genesis 8:19             All kinds of present nonmarine animals came from the ark
  38.   Genesis 8:21             God smote all things living only once
  39.   Genesis 8:22             Present uniformity of nature dates from the end of the flood
  40.   Genesis 9:1               Earth was to be filled with descendants of Noah
  41.   Genesis 9:2               Changed relation between man and animals followed the flood
  42.   Genesis 9:3               Man permitted animal food after flood
  43.   Genesis 9:6               Institution of human government dates from flood
  44.   Genesis 9:10             God’s covenant made with every living creature
  45.   Genesis 9:11             The flood promised by God never to come again on the earth
  46.   Genesis 9:13             Rainbow placed in sky after the flood
  47.   Genesis 9:19             Whole earth overspread by the sons of Noah
  48.   Genesis 11:1              Whole earth of one language after the flood
  49.   Genesis 11:9             All men lived in one place after the flood

From Other Biblical Writers

Biblical Reference            Argument

  1.   Job 12:15                 The waters overturned the earth
  2.   Psalm 29:10            The flood testified God as eternal king
  3.   Psalm 104:8            Flood terminated by crustal tectonics
  4.   Isaiah 54:9              Waters of Noah went over the earth
  5.   Matthew 24:37       The days of Noah like those when Christ comes
  6.   Matthew 24:39       The flood took them all away
  7.   Luke 17:27               The flood destroyed them all
  8.   Hebrews 11:7          Noah warned of things never seen before
  9.   Hebrews 11:7          Noah condemned the world by his faith
  10.   I Peter 3:20            Only eight souls saved on the ark through the flood
  11.   II Peter 2:5             God spared not the old world (Greek kosmos)
  12.   II Peter 2:5             God brought the Flood on the world of the ungodly
  13.   II Peter 2:5             The “flood” (Greek kataklusmos) applied solely to Noah’s flood
  14.   II Peter 3:6             The world that then was, perished by the watery cataclysm

From Non-Biblical Evidence


  1. Worldwide distribution of flood traditions
  2. Origin of civilization near Ararat-Babylon region in post-flood time
  3. Convergence of population growth statistics on date of flood
  4. Dating of oldest living things at post-flood time
  5. Worldwide occurrence of water-laid sediments and sedimentary rocks
  6. Recent uplift of major mountain ranges
  7. Marine fossils on crests of mountains
  8. Evidence of former worldwide warm climate
  9. Necessity of catastrophic burial and rapid lithification of fossil deposits
  10. Recent origin of many datable geological processes
  11. Worldwide distribution of all types of fossils
  12. Uniform physical appearance of rocks from different “ages”
  13. Near-random deposition of formational sequences
  14. Equivalence of total organic material in present world and fossil world
  15. Wide distribution of recent volcanic rocks
  16. Evidence of recent drastic rise in sea level
  17. Worldwide occurrence of raised shore lines and river terraces
  18. Universal occurrence of rivers in valleys too large for the present stream
  19. Sudden extinction of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals
  20. Rapid onset of glacial period
  21. Existence of polystrate fossils
  22. Preservation of tracks and other ephemeral markings throughout geologic column
  23. Worldwide occurrence of sedimentary fossil “graveyards” in rocks of all “ages”
  24. Absence of any physical evidence of chronologic boundary between rocks of successive “ages”
  25. Occurrence of all rock types (shale, limestone, granite, etc.) in all “ages”
  26. Parallel of supposed evolutionary sequence through different  “ages” with modern ecological zonation in the one present age
  27. Absence of meteorites in geological column
  28. Absence of hail imprints in geological column, despite abundance of fossil ripple-marks and raindrop imprints
  29. Similar structural features (rifts, faults, folds, thrusts, etc.) in rocks of all “ages”
  30. Absence of evidence of drainage systems in sediments of any “ages” except the most recent
  31. Hydraulic evidence of rapid deposition of each stratum and of continuous formation of every sequence of strata, with no worldwide time gap between any formation and another above it

What Were Some of the Effects of the Genesis Flood?

Effects Of The Genesis Flood

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Find out how ICR will be implementing research on the Genesis Flood in the ICR Discovery Center for Science and Earth History:

Dig deeper into the history surrounding the global Genesis Flood:

Heroes and Villains of the Bible Podcast:

Bible Study Outlines:

Video Clips:

More ICR Articles:

Study Tools for Your Creation Science Library:

NOTE: Vast amounts of research have been published on the topic of the Genesis Flood. Information and links in this post are certainly not exhaustive. The blog author is not responsible for the accuracy or current nature of information published on sources linked from this post. For the serious student or researcher, use the search function on the ICR website to discover more articles and technical papers. (*© 2012 Dr. Henry M. Morris Estate.)

Please note: I reserve the right to delete comments that are offensive or off-topic.

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9 thoughts on “95 Reasons Why the Genesis Flood Was Global

  1. Thank you for seeking comment.
    Yes, this article is very helpful.
    Articles that bring together multiple books/areas of the Bible concerning one topic allows for faster understanding, ie the putting on of the Armour of God.
    I would ask if all or part of it, with appropriate acknowledgements given, to use this as a handout in a church bulletin or during a Bible lesson.
    God Bless you and all your loved ones.

    • Thank you for your comment, Ken. You may certainly use the information from this post to supplement your lesson (see below for my ethical use policy). The “95 Reasons” are from ICR’s founder, Henry M. Morris, Ph.D. He published this list in several places, including The Genesis Record and The Defender’s Study Bible (as well as later editions of the Bible). God bless you and your ministry. —Dr. Morris

      [Ethical Use Policy]

      Please use the material on this website for personal study and/or preparing sermons and lessons for your church. If you wish to use the material in any other way, the following applies:

      1. You may print or photocopy pages in whole as ministry tools for churches, schools, etc. My copyright notice and website address (© 2015-2016 Dr. Henry M. Morris III. All Rights Reserved. http://www.henrymorris3.com) must be included, with no exceptions.

      2. You may quote up to 100 words, or rephrase or summarize my information for noncommercial, educational use provided you include the proper references each time my information is used.

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  2. Yes, this is helpful! Seeing all those verses in one place gives the lie to those who want to believe the Flood was just local or allegorical. The added extra-Biblical points are exciting, too.
    I’ll be passing this on. 🙂