The Young Man Isaac

I. The sacrifice of the Beloved (Genesis 22:1-18)

A. Isaac is probably between late teens and thirty years old

1. Abraham is 100 (Genesis 21:5) and Sarah 90 (Genesis 17:17) at birth of Isaac

2. Sarah is 127 (Genesis 23:1) at her death — the next date available

3. Isaac would be at least 35 at his mother’s death

4. The “many days” (Genesis 21:34) and “after these things” (Genesis 22:1) would indicate a long time before the incidents in Moriah

5. Isaac is called a “lad” (Genesis 22:5), but the Hebrew word is the same for the “young men” (Genesis 22:3, 5) who went with them

a. Isaac is big enough to carry the wood (Genesis 22:6)

b. Isaac is intelligent enough to question the event (Genesis 22:7)

B. Isaac’s obedience foreshadows a picture of Christ

1. He is the “only” son: the “beloved” son: the “promised” heir

2. He is silent in his obedience (Genesis 22:7-9 compare Isaiah 53:7)

3. He voluntarily lays down his life (Genesis 22:9 compare John 10:17-18)

C. Abraham shows unquestioning obedience and absolute faith

1.  Although Isaac is the sacrifice, the focus of the story is on the obedience and faith of Abraham

2. Hebrews 11:17-19 cite the significance of this event

a. Abraham is “tried” and obeys

b. Abraham continued to believe the promise — even though the evidence was that God was “changing” His mind

c. Abraham “accounted” (reckoned, imputed) that God was able to perform another miracle to fulfill His promise

1) God “imputed” (Romans 4:3) righteousness to Abraham when Abraham believed God (Galatians 3:6)

2) We are told to “reckon” on things that are “true… honest… just… pure…lovely…and of good report” (Philippians 4:8)

3) Our faith should “impute” to God the ability and faithfulness to fulfill His promises to us

D. Abraham receives assurance and evidence of the promise

1. The LORD provides the sacrifice – fulfilling the picture with Isaac

2. The LORD repeats the promise to Abraham

3. The LORD notes: “because thou hast obeyed my voice” (Genesis 22:18)

II. Abraham has been given six repeats of the promise

A. Genesis 12:1-3 was given as a general overview of the blessing

B. Genesis 13:14-17 stressed ownership and expansion

1. “Look” and “see” the land – it is yours forever

2. The “seed” will be like the “dust of the earth” – impossible to number

C. Genesis 15:4-5 was much more in detail

1. The “heir” will come specifically from your seed (Genesis 15:4)

2. The “seed” will outnumber the stars (Genesis 15:5)

3. The “seed” would be a stranger in a strange land (Genesis 15:13)

4. The enslavement would last 400 years (Genesis 15:13)

5. The exodus would give them great riches (Genesis 15:14)

6. The boundaries were described (Genesis 15:18-21)

D. Genesis 17:1-21 stressed the specificity of the blessing

1. Abraham would father “many nations” (Genesis 17:5-6)

2. Abraham would have an “everlasting” covenant (Genesis 17:7, 13)

3. Abraham and Sarah would bear Isaac (Genesis 17:21)

E. Genesis 18:10-14 focuses on the timing of the birth of Isaac

F. Genesis 22:16-18 stresses the world-wide impact of the Promise

1. The “seed” will be like the stars and the sand (Genesis 22:17)

a. The “stars” might seem limited (3000 visible)

b. Equating “stars” and “sand” seems impossible

1) Earlier “dust” equation was merely figurative

2) Number of stars ~ 1025 in the universe

3) There are approximately 10 million grains of sand in a cubic foot; and an average depth of 1000 feet of unconsolidated sediments among the 1015 square feet of area on the earth: hence there are ~ 1025 grains of sand-sized particles — Interesting!

4) When God speaks, He must speak Truth

2. The “seed” will bless the whole earth (Genesis 22:18)

a. It is this passage that separates the word “seed”

b. It is this passage that is quoted in Galatians 3:16

III. Abraham returns to Beer Sheba

A. This is his “home” and the place of the “oaths”

1. It was promised to live faithfully among the pagans (Genesis 21:23)

2. It was promised to treat others kindly (Genesis 21:23)

B. The word of his “other” family is received after some 60 years

Series: The Patriarchs

Lesson: #9

Book: Genesis
Verses: 22:1-18

Download the PDF of this outline here: The Young Man Isaac